257 P. 835

FRANCES ZIONCHECK, Respondent, v. JAMES HEPDEN et al., Appellants.

No. 20592. Department One.The Supreme Court of Washington.
July 8, 1927.

[1] FRAUDS, STATUTE OF (4) — CONTRACTS (80) — PARTIES — PRIVITY — PROMISE TO PAY DEBT OF ANOTHER. Where the purchaser of the assets of a corporation, as part of the consideration, agrees to pay certain creditors of the firm, such creditors may maintain actions on the contract in their own name.

[2] PAYMENT (24-1) — PLEADING — BURDEN OF PROOF. A defendant, pleading payment as an affirmative defense, has the burden of proof.

[3] TRIAL (101) — INSTRUCTIONS ALREADY GIVEN. It is not error to refuse requested instructions covered in the general charge.

Appeal from a judgment of the superior court for King county, Douglas, J., entered December 20, 1926, upon the verdict of a jury rendered in favor of the plaintiff, in an action on contract. Affirmed.

Peters Powell and Robert W. Reid, for appellants.

Wm. G. Beardslee and M.H. Cooperman, for respondent.


By this action the plaintiff seeks to recover upon a promise made for her benefit, but not to her. The cause was tried to the court and a jury and resulted in a verdict against the defendants James Hepden and Charles I. Neff in the sum of $1,505.35. Motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict and in the alternative for a new trial was interposed and overruled. Judgment was entered upon the verdict from which Hepden and Neff appeal.

The preliminary facts may be summarized as follows: A partnership composed of P.B. Groshong, William J. Nadeau and C.J. Kneeland, the latter being a silent partner, operated the Central Cafe in

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Seattle. The respondent advanced money to the partnership, for which on July 24, 1923, she received a note signed by Groshong and Nadeau in the amount of $1,375. On August 13, 1924, the note not being then paid and the partnership, being in financial difficulties, made an assignment for the benefit of creditors to the Seattle Merchants’ Association, and that association sold the assets to the appellants. In this transaction, the appellants agreed in writing to pay the outstanding charges against the partnership, with certain exceptions. As shown by the evidence offered by the respondent, her claim, represented by the balance due upon the promissory note, was included in those which the appellants promised and agreed to pay. It was upon this promise that the action was based.

[1] Much of the argument of the appellants proceeds upon the assumption that the action was upon the promissory note. The second amended complaint, upon which the cause was tried, makes it plain that recovery was sought upon the promise made to the Seattle Merchants’ Association at the time the appellants purchased the assets, and not upon the promissory note. The evidence offered by the respondent supports the same theory. The rule in this state is that, where one person for a valuable consideration makes a promise to another to pay the debt of that other to a third person, such third person may maintain an action in his own name upon the promise and against the promisor alone Hart v. Bogle, 88 Wn. 125, 152 P. 1010; Union Machinery Supply Co. v. Darnell, 89 Wn. 226, 154 P. 183. In the present case, the appellants purchased the assets of the partnership as stated and, in part as a consideration for such assets, promised to pay the note which the partnership owed the respondent. Since the action was upon the promise and not upon the note, it is unnecessary

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to review the argument and authorities of the appellants relative to the law if the action were upon the promissory note.

[2] In their answer to the second amended complaint, the appellants pleaded an affirmative defense that the note had been paid. In submitting the matter to the jury, the trial court instructed that the burden was on the appellants to prove this affirmative defense. Error is assigned as to the giving of this instruction, but the instruction was proper. That the burden is upon the party claiming payment in such a case is well settled, and there is nothing in the facts in this case which would take it out of the general rule. The case of Bartels v. McCullough, 102 Ore. 66, 201 P. 733, cited upon this question, is upon a different state of facts and, even though it be assumed that the rule there stated is the correct one it would not apply to the case now before us.

[3] The appellants also complain because the trial court did not give two instructions requested by them. The subject-matter of both of these requests was covered in the instructions given and this was sufficient. Even though the requested instructions embodied a correct statement of the law, the court was not required to give them in that form.

The judgment will be affirmed.


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